Regularly optimizing and defragmenting your drives in Windows 10 can help improve system performance and maintain the efficiency of your computer. In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the process of optimizing and defragmenting drives in Windows 10.

Step 1: Open the Disk Defragmenter tool

  • Press the Windows key + S, type “Defragment and Optimize Drives,” and open the application.
  • Alternatively, you can open the Start menu, go to “Windows Administrative Tools,” and select “Defragment and Optimize Drives.”

Step 2: Analyze Your Drives

  • In the Disk Defragmenter tool, you will see a list of drives on your system.
  • Select the drive you want to optimize and click on the “Analyze” button.
  • The tool will assess the fragmentation level of your drive and display the results.

Step 3: Schedule Automatic Optimization

  • To ensure ongoing drive optimization, click on the “Change settings” button in the Disk Defragmenter tool.
  • Check the box that says “Run on a schedule” and configure the frequency of automatic optimization (e.g., weekly or monthly).
  • Click on “OK” to save the settings.

Step 4: Manually Optimize Your Drives

  • If you prefer to optimize your drives manually, close the Disk Defragmenter tool and open the Start menu.
  • Type “Defragment and Optimize Drives” and select the application again.
  • Choose the drive you want to optimize and click on the “Optimize” button.

Step 5: Monitor Drive Optimization Progress

  • While the optimization process is ongoing, you can monitor its progress in the Disk Defragmenter tool.
  • You will see a visual representation of the optimization progress for each drive.
  • Wait for the optimization to complete before using your computer.


Optimizing and defragmenting drives in Windows 10 is a crucial maintenance step that can enhance system performance. With this step-by-step guide, you can easily navigate the Disk Defragmenter tool, schedule automatic optimization, and manually optimize your drives. By incorporating regular drive optimization into your computer maintenance routine, you can ensure that your Windows 10 system runs smoothly and efficiently.

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